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Axe – is a tool used to cut, split or shape wood but for millennia it was also used as a weapon. The axe comes in many forms, styles and sizes. The earliest axes had heads made of stone attached to the wooden handle and with human progress the stone heads were replaced by copper, bronze, iron and finally steel. Axes were frequently used in combat as they were easy to make. Battle axe used in combat was an arm-length weapon that could be wielded in one or both hands. Battle axes were very effective against armor as they delivered more cleaving force against smaller target area. Axes were also used as throwing weapons. Good example of such a ranged weapon was the French Francisca or Frankish axe. Usually these throwing axes were thrown in an overhand motion to cause the axe to rotate as it travels towards its target hitting the enemy with the sharpened edge.

History of Arms and Armor | Arms and Armor Glossary


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