13th Century AD Swords

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Swords History - 13th Century AD

Double-Handed Broadsword - The double-handed broadsword was also referred to as longsword. This a type of sword was in use in Europe between 13th and 17th century. Because of its size, the longsword was held in combat with both hands; however, there were some single-handed specimens. Longswords were used for cutting, slicing, stabbing and hewing and all parts of the swords were use in combat including the blade, hilt and pommel. Longswords featured long and double-edged blades and cruciform hilts. The blade of the sword measured between 40 to 48 inches and it came in variety of shapes and sizes. The blades differed as some of the blades were broad and thin making them effective while cutting. Other blades were thick and tapered making them good thrusting weapons. The later ones were more effective against the plate armor as thicker and tapered blades were better when thrusting. The grip of the sword’s hilt provided space for two hands and it measured between 10 to 15 inches in length.

Estoc Sword - Estoc was a sword that had no sharpened edge was intended only for thrusting with sharp tip. It featured a blade that was stiff, long, narrow and diamond or triangular in shape. Estoc swords were quite effective against chain mail and plate armor. When attacking an enemy in plate armor a person wielding an Estoc sword aimed at the joints and crevices in the armor. The size of the sword varied as most likely it was made to order.  At first the estoc was worn without a scabbard. It was hung from a saddle when on horseback or hung from a belt when on foot. Later they were carried in scabbard just like other swords. Estoc could be single-handed or double handed. Estocs were used between 13th and 17th century. 

Tai Chi Sword - The Tai Chi sword is actually the Chinese Jian sword that originated in 7th Century BC. Tai Chi, which is a type of Chinese martial art practiced for health benefits has adopted the use of Jian sword and in contemporary culture the name "Tai Chi Sword" is the most popular name of the sword. The Tai Chi sword used to practice the Tai Chi martial art is usually lightweight and flexible.

Talwar Sword - Talwar is an Indian weapon that was inspired by the Persian shamshir like sword brought to India by the Mongols in the 16th century.  The main difference between shamisr and the talwar sword was the width of the blade. The Talwar featured a wider blade. The Talwar sword feature a blade that is has a deep curve. The sword’s blade was often decorated and inscribed with floral or personal designs. The pommel of the sword was often in disk shape. The hilt features a simple cross-guard with (or without) a slender knuckle-guard. The Talwar sword largely replaced the ancient Indian Khanda sword. The Talwar sword was used by the Indian cavalry and infantry. The Talwar sword found its way into Afghanistan where it was produced in the 19th century under the name of Pulwar sword.

Sword History | Sword Origin Timeline

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