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Pike was the spear of the heavy infantry in the ancient times. The head of the pike was small and it was usually in leaf or diamond shape. The head was mounted on a very long shaft. The top portion of the shaft was protected with metal for three or even four feet from the head to prevent from being cut by swords of the enemy. Pikes used by Greek phalanx were long and those used by Romans were much shorter. Pikes were used mainly to protect rows of foot soldiers against cavalry. Pikes were the favorite weapon of the Swiss.

History of Arms and Armor | Arms and Armor Glossary


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